Essential Equipment You Need For Film Making

You’re probably already pondering what equipment you’ll require to get started. Fortunately, most institutions provide students with a variety of useful instruments, including large items like camcorders and lights. Even so, there are some accessories, consumables, and other items that you’ll want to have on hand or own. So, what do you need to know in order to be ready for film school Fortunately, not too much.

Camera

Many filmmakers worry about their camera, which is perhaps the most critical piece of their filmmaking equipment. With rapid developments and upgrades for cameras coming out every year, it may appear that your camera is quickly becoming obsolete. So, which camera should you purchase? The most expensive one you can afford.

DSLR video shooter, recommends “buying a camera that you can own and not go into debt for.” Something that will take care of 80 to 90% of your labor. Then there’s rent for those big gigs.” In truth, you may start with your phone, then upgrade to better cameras, or even rent if necessary.

If you don’t want to photograph with your phone and don’t have hundreds of dollars to spend, a DSLR or mirrorless camera with interchangeable lenses is your best bet. If you’re on a tight budget, this would be the greatest alternative. These types of cameras can nevertheless provide you with a high quality image.

DSLR Camera

Lenses

If you buy an interchangeable camera, such as a DSLR camera, lenses might be a terrific investment. When you consider the prospect of getting new cameras in the future, it’s also a solid buy. If your major interest is storytelling filmmaking, you should invest in a set of prime lenses, as they will provide you with the cinematic and high-quality image you desire.

If you want to save money, though, you can use the kit zoom lens that comes with the camera. It’s not a horrible idea, especially after you realize that filmmaking is all about technique rather than your film equipment.

Lenses

Tripods

Maintaining a steady image is essential for giving your film a professional and cinematic appearance. Unless it’s a stylistic choice, you don’t want any wobbly or tilted shots. A tripod is an essential piece of film equipment for most filmmakers, as it enables for smooth pans, tilts, and steady shots. You may also need to look at different types of camera stabilizers, depending on the demands of your project. The gimbal stabilizer is used to keep the camera moving and keep the shots steady. Jibs can also be utilized to make clean and stable vertical camera movements.

Tripod

Sound and Audio Equipment

Many experienced filmmakers and experts think that having the highest-quality image is less significant than having the best sound. Poor sound can quickly pull your audience away from your movie. As a result, it’s critical that you treat the sound department with the same respect as the others.

Unfortunately, your camera’s microphone isn’t up to the task. As a result, external microphones, such as shotgun and Lavaliere microphones, will be required. Shotgun microphones have an exceptionally long and narrow pick up pattern, making them ideal for capturing precise sound. It’s a directional microphone that concentrates on the subject you’re recording.

Because they can be attached or tapped into your talent’s chest, lavaliere microphones are ideal for speaking situations. Close proximity of the mic to your subject will result in very sharp sound.

Sound Equipment

Lighting

The importance of lighting in filmmaking cannot be overstated. It’s what contributes to the creation of tone, mood, stunning scenery, and more. It’s what distinguishes inexperienced filmmakers from professionals.

Lighting, of course, is quite situational and depends largely on the style of film you want to shoot. Is the majority of your film shot inside or outside? What kind of movie are you making? What is your film’s production design?

If you’re not sure what lights to acquire for your film, spend some time learning about the numerous types of lights utilized in the industry, such as LED lights, tungsten lights, and fluorescent lights. LED lights are a good option if you’re seeking for a more cost-effective lighting solution. Although more advanced and pricey LED lights are available, there are lots of low-cost alternatives.

Don’t forget about reflectors as well. These can be quite beneficial for increasing the lighting impact in a variety of situations.

LED Lighting

Filter

In today’s world, you can do some crisp color correcting in post-production. As a result, utilizing filters for a beginner appears to be unpleasant. However, post-production filtering diminishes image depth more than camera filters, as is well known. Also, the cinematic aesthetic that a color corrected video creates is not the same.

The ND filter is one of them. The light is blocked by the neutral density lenses, but the color is unaffected. They aid in exposure adjustment without relying on shutter speeds, apertures, or ISOs for compensation. It assists you in obtaining the right exposure by stacking them in layers or obtaining a varied exposure. Infrared leakage on the image is likewise blocked by IRND filters. They come in handy with digital cameras. They’re also capable of delivering a wide dynamic range. Both the highlight and shadow details are better here.

ND Filter and its effects

Polarized Filters are yet another great filter to have. Without silhouetting the figures, they removed extraneous reflections, glares, and light sources. When shooting with shiny things or through glass and reflecting material, polarizers are essential. They’re also well-known for capturing the depth of color in the sky and clouds.

Without (left) and With (right) polarizer filter

Diffusion and color filters are also utilized to enhance the scene’s impact. The majority of these can be accomplished via post, however if you wish to avoid the post route, you can use it.

Color Filters

Gimbals

The picture stabilization landscape is being transformed by gimbals. They are a newcomer who has swept the globe by storm. It’s a lot better than using a Steadicam. The end result is breathtaking. Gimbals use motors, sensors, and software to counteract the cinematographer’s movements, resulting in an extremely stable camera grip despite the cameraman’s unsteady movements and rotations. They operate on all three axes.

Gimbals are available in a variety of forms and sizes. They are also not inexpensive. Setting up a gimbal can be a little difficult for newcomers at first. You must achieve the proper balance each time you put it up. It’s a little fidgety at first, but with practice, you’ll be able to set it up in minutes. Leave the rest to the gear once you’ve found the proper balance. It delivers some incredible outcomes.

Gimbal for Camera

Gorilla Pod

Gorilla pods are fantastic solutions for filmmaking problems. With their three flexible arms, these small spider-like pods can hold everything. The arms wrap around items, allowing you to set your camera or phone on top of them for unexpected viewpoints. A gorilla pod is a clever solution for quickly resolving production concerns. It can be imitated as a camera rig, Steadicam, slider, or jib. To create dynamic pictures, it can be wrapped around any moving object. To get a unique POV shot, mount the camera on these pods and place them in awkward locations. It’s better to utilize wide-angle lenses for this.

Gorilla Pod

Shoulder Rig

If you’re shooting with a DSLR, the shoulder rig is something you should invest on. Its stability is incomparable to that of a handheld. When you need a replacement for the huge pods, this is a good option. It is more comfortable on the shoulders and allows for easier tracking of the subjects.

Shoulder Rig

Slider

When DSLR cameras became popular among filmmakers, sliders gained popularity. Light, delicate camera motions are used to give professionalism to the photos. The moves are fluid and have a professional feel to them. The slider adjustments cancel out the newbies’ abnormal shaking.

Slider

Dron

Drones, or quadcopters, have radically altered the landscape of aerial filming. Quadcopters have emerged as the most cost-effective alternative to helicopters and jibs. They provide the aerial views more dynamism and control.

Drones have not only replaced expensive copters and cranes, but they have also become an essential element of every beginner filmmaker’s toolkit. They are incredibly affordable and may give your videos that extra oomph. On these floating devices, you can even use your smartphone to take photos.

Dron

Camera Bag

When you buy pricey equipment, you’ll need a bag to protect it from harm during transportation. Other than the camera, camera bags or backpacks can store a variety of equipment. It is a helpful and convenient piece of equipment to have everything in one place.

They are available in a variety of styles, shapes, and sizes. You select the one that best meets your requirements and allows you to store as many items as possible without interfering with one another. The size will certainly depend on the number of items you own and how comfortable you are carrying them. However, you should know how much it can hold and how heavy it will become.

Camera Bag

Reflectors

Bouncing lights are excellent for softening the subjects and preventing unnaturally strong contrasts on screens. They give the visuals additional definition and depth. There are several methods for boosting creative lighting by bouncing or reflecting light. In certain situations, the low-cost light reflectors come in handy.

The dark gaps, as well as the nooks and corners of the frame, are filled with these reflectors. They are the most effective instruments for having complete control over the lighting of particular subjects. They can be handled in one hand or clipped to any surface. They can even be mounted on stands. If you use them wisely, you can save money on lighting.

Reflector

Storage

A novice filmmaker’s storage system might cause disaster. The latest SSDs, on the other hand, have improved over time. They are a lot quicker. The most important consideration when selecting them is portability. Many people, however, prefer hard discs for backup storage. Because SSDs are compact, they are prone to being misplaced. As a result, they must be replicated and managed properly. They are a little more expensive than hard drives, but they are quite useful. They are able to accommodate the speedier USB ports.

If you’re out in the field and don’t have access to supplies right away, save the footage to portable drives. You can’t rely on camera memory cards to save your footage.

Storage

Power Supply

If you’re shooting in an unfamiliar location, keep an eye out for electrical supply. Studios normally have their own power setups, but it’s a good idea to have a backup strategy when shooting on locations that aren’t in your domain. The lights and production equipment use the most energy. The camera and recorders consume a fraction of the energy that the lighting sources do.

Small LEDs, on the other hand, are the order of the day for independent filmmakers. As a result, renting generators with low to medium power makes more sense. Carry 5-6 batteries in stock for cameras, recorders, and other electronic equipment so you don’t run out on a remote location shoot.

Power Supply

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